Norway

There is a large number of articles from Norway on this website. This number reflects the fact that I actually live here. It is also a reflection of my sincere belief that we have much to show visitors from other countries and cultures.

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Overall impressions

Norway may not be the most important, biggest, or powerful country in the world. Indeed, a Norwegian prime minister once stated this from the rostrum of the national assembly: “Norway is a country in the world”. What he meant to say was “a small country”. Yet, Norway is probably one of the most important small countries of the world. This is, among us Norwegians, a well-established matter of fact.

DERSOM DU LESER NORSK kan du slå opp 700 artikler og 13000 bilder fra Norge på Sandalsand Norge.

IF YOU READ NORWEGIAN, or want to have a go with an automatic translator, check out 700 articles and 13,000 images from Norway on Sandalsand Norge.

Norway sections

Find all entries from Norway in the illustrated list at the bottom of this page, or open one of these sections. 

Posts from Norway

A fact sheet

This is Wikipedia’s introduction to  Norway.

 

Hard facts

  • Official name: Kingdom of Norway
  • Capital and largest city: Oslo
  • Official languages: Norwegian; Sami
  • Official minority languages: Kven, Romani, Romanes
  • Writing system: Latin
  • Ethnic groups: Norwegian
  • Indigenous status: Sami
  • Minority status: Jewish, Traveller, Forest Finn, Romani, Kven
  • Religion: Lutheran
  • Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
  • Legislature: Storting
  • Area: 385,203 km2
  • Population 2018 estimate: 5,295,619
  • Density: 15.8/km2
  • GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate: Total: $397 billion; Per capita: $74,065
  • GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate: Total: $443 billion; Per capita: $82,711
  • Gini (2014): 23.5 low
  • HDI (2015): 0.949 very high

 

Geography

Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres and a population of 5,258,317 (as of January 2017). The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km). Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.

 

Political system

King Harald V of the Dano-German House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway. Erna Solberg became Prime Minister in 2013, and was reelected in September 2017. Erna Solberg replaced Jens Stoltenberg who was the Prime Minister between 2000 and 2001 and 2005–2013. A constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the Parliament, the cabinet and the Supreme Court, as determined by the 1814 Constitution. The kingdom was established as a merger of a large number of petty kingdoms. By the traditional count from the year 872, the kingdom has existed continuously for 1,145 years, and the list of Norwegian monarchs includes over sixty kings and earls.

Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities. The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the European Union and the United States. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO, and the OECD; and a part of the Schengen Area.

 

Life in Norway

Norway maintains Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, and Norwegian Society’s values are rooted in egalitarian ideals. Defined as a 21st century socialism, the Norwegian state owns key industrial sectors such as oil (Statoil) or hydropower (Statkraft), having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, and fresh water. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world’s largest producer of oil and natural gas outside the Middle East.

The country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists. On the CIA’s GDP (PPP) per capita list (2015 estimate) which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven. It has the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of USD 1 trillion. Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position also held previously between 2001 and 2006. It also has the highest inequality-adjusted ranking. Norway ranks first on the World Happiness Report, the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, and the Democracy Index. Norway also has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.

 

Source

Wikipedia on a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Date: 2018-06-22

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