Norway may not be the most important, biggest, or powerful country in the world. A Norwegian prime minister once stated that “Norway is a country in the world”. What he meant to say was “a small country”. Yet, it is one of the most important small countries of the world. Among us Norwegians, this is a well-established matter of fact.
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Posts from Norway
A nation has its symbols aimed at defining the nation as such. Vøringsfossen and Hardanger are two defining symbols of Norway as a nation state, one...
"West Norwegian Fjords" is no. 1195 on UNESCO's World Heritage List. This video is from the Nærøyfjord. It was filmed and photographed in 2012, 14...
Nærøyfjorden is one of the most spectacular of all Norwegian fjords. It is narrow, the mountains rise vertically up high above the deep blue sea,...
Solvorn is a little, sleepy village in the Fjord Country. It has a very nice layout, stretching elegantly like a fan uphill from the fjord. The view...
Solvorn is a little picturesque village on the Lustrafjord i Western Norway. Audio: Anders Bru - "Prelude Chorale In F Minor" Read about the...
"Urnes Stave Church" is no. 58 on UNESCO's World Heritage List. This stave church in Sogn og Fjordane dates back to the first half of the 12th...
Kaupanger in Sogn og Fjordane was built in 1137 and is one of the oldest stave churches. It has been rebuilt and enlarged and was even painted white...
Borgund dates back to the end of the 12th century. It had a strategic location in Sogn og Fjordane County on the old road connecting the eastern and...
Erik Pontoppidan, a renowned Danish bishop in Bergen, came to Lærdalsøyri and wrote about the "161 small houses built closely together". That was in...
The Urnes stave church is one of several stave churches of Norway. We find them in the most remote locations of the country, and they are splendid...
In the early morning we set out on a four day road trip of Western Norway - The Fjord Country. We were going to visit two of the largest fjords, the...
Egersund is a small town on the south-western coast of Norway. It has always been a good landing port for fishing boats coming in with their catch....
A fact sheet
This is Wikipedia’s introduction. Find Sandalsand’s articles from Norway above.
- Official name: Kingdom of Norway
- Capital and largest city: Oslo
- Official languages: Norwegian; Sami
- Official minority languages: Kven, Romani, Romanes
- Writing system: Latin
- Ethnic groups: Norwegian
- Religion: Lutheran
Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and had a population of 5,385,300 in November 2020. The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden at a length of 1,619 km. It is bordered by Finland and Russia to the northeast and the Skagerrak strait to the south, on the other side of which are Denmark and the United Kingdom. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.
Norway is a constitutional monarchy, and divides state power between the Parliament, the cabinet and the Supreme Court. The kingdom was established in 872 as a merger of many petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1,150 years. King Harald V is the current King of Norway.
Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities. The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the European Union and the United States. Norway is also a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO, and the OECD; and a part of the Schengen Area. In addition, the Norwegian languages share mutual intelligibility with Danish and Swedish.
Life in Norway
Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, and its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals. The Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, and fresh water. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
The country has the fourth-highest per-capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists. On the CIA’s GDP (PPP) per capita list which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven. It has the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of US$1 trillion. Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position also held previously between 2001 and 2006; it also has the highest inequality-adjusted ranking per 2018. Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017 and currently ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, the Freedom Index, and the Democracy Index. Norway also has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.
Norway has always had a small population. That might be one reason why Norwegians have a drive to travel abroad. The World champion of chess, Magnus Carlsen is one of them:
I got the travel bug when I was quite young. My parents took me and my sisters out of school and we travelled all over Europe. It was an eye-opening experience and, although I love Norway, I also enjoy visiting new countries. I don’t get homesick. (Magnus Carlsen)