Norway may not be the most important, biggest, or powerful country in the world. A Norwegian prime minister once stated that “Norway is a country in the world”. What he meant to say was “a small country”. Yet, it is one of the most important small countries of the world. Among us Norwegians, this is a well-established matter of fact.
IF YOU READ NORWEGIAN, check out 800 articles and 15,000 images from Norway on Sandalsand Norge.
Posts from Norway
Get to know 4 dramatic waterfalls. I am exploring nature in terms of the classic elements of nature. This is a combined water and earth element....
Some mountain plateaus or plains are more adventurous than the average. My examples of 6 great highlands are from different parts of the world....
Have you been to these 8 amazing mountain views? If you take nature as the basis and exclude skyscrapers, constructed "skywalks" and such, we are...
Here you will find 8 dramatic cliffs. Steep mountain slopes hitting the waves on a coastline are always dramatic, especially in rough weather....
What do I mean by 7 strange rock formations? Well, the Earth’s surface is full of loose stones and boulders and solid rocks. Some have over the...
A cave is a hollow place in the ground, often very deep but also quite small like grottos. Here is a nice selection av 10 great caves. This...
The art project "Broken Column" (popularly known as Rusty Men or Iron men) was completed in 2003 as an installation at 23 different locations in...
Try this unusual city walk looking for street art in Stavanger. Search for large murals on building facades and understand why Stavanger has become...
In late July each year 250,000 gather in Stavanger to take part in Scandinavia's leading food festival, The Gladmat festival. Gladmat, literally...
The view from the tower on the Holmenkollen hill is tremendous. Behind us is the huge forest of Nordmarka, ahead is Oslo and the wide fjord. Below...
In 2014 Norway's Constitution Day celebrations were more spectacular than ever before. It was the 200th anniversary of the constitution. Apart from...
On our Hardanger road trip we had reached the southern part, Odda. The ingredients are fjord, snow, fruit trees, industrial plants, a waterfall and...
A fact sheet
This is Wikipedia’s introduction. Find Sandalsand’s articles from Norway above.
- Official name: Kingdom of Norway
- Capital and largest city: Oslo
- Official languages: Norwegian; Sami
- Official minority languages: Kven, Romani, Romanes
- Writing system: Latin
- Ethnic groups: Norwegian
- Religion: Lutheran
Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and had a population of 5,385,300 in November 2020. The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden at a length of 1,619 km. It is bordered by Finland and Russia to the northeast and the Skagerrak strait to the south, on the other side of which are Denmark and the United Kingdom. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.
Norway is a constitutional monarchy, and divides state power between the Parliament, the cabinet and the Supreme Court. The kingdom was established in 872 as a merger of many petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1,150 years. King Harald V is the current King of Norway.
Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities. The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the European Union and the United States. Norway is also a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO, and the OECD; and a part of the Schengen Area. In addition, the Norwegian languages share mutual intelligibility with Danish and Swedish.
Life in Norway
Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, and its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals. The Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, and fresh water. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
The country has the fourth-highest per-capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists. On the CIA’s GDP (PPP) per capita list which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven. It has the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of US$1 trillion. Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position also held previously between 2001 and 2006; it also has the highest inequality-adjusted ranking per 2018. Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017 and currently ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, the Freedom Index, and the Democracy Index. Norway also has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.
Norway has always had a small population. That might be one reason why Norwegians have a drive to travel abroad. The World champion of chess, Magnus Carlsen is one of them:
I got the travel bug when I was quite young. My parents took me and my sisters out of school and we travelled all over Europe. It was an eye-opening experience and, although I love Norway, I also enjoy visiting new countries. I don’t get homesick. (Magnus Carlsen)