World Heritage Sites
The UNESCO World Heritage List includes more than a thousand properties of outstanding universal value. They are all part of the world’s cultural and natural heritage.
UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre is responsible for the World Heritage List. The first inscription was in 1978. Since then UNESCO has developed the criteria and added an average of 20-30 sites each year.
In 2021 it includes 1,154 sites in 167 “States Parties” (countries). A site is categorised as cultural heritage (897 sites), natural (218) or a mix of the two (39 sites).
On this page you will get to learn more about the heritage sites and where they are. Moreover, Sandalsand’s large collection comes on display. The reader will get a four-way path into this collection. First, on a map. Second, in a table. Third, in a video.
Last but not least, there are links to articles on Sandalsand which describe each visited site.
About the World Heritage Sites
Properties on the World Heritage List, must (a) be of outstanding universal value and (b) meet at least one of the ten selection criteria. There are six for cultural sites and four for natural sites.
(i) to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
(ii) to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
(iii) to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared;
(iv) to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
(v) to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;
(vi) to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria);
(vii) to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;
(viii) to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth’s history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features;
(ix) to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;
(x) to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.
Some sites have been removed from the list. There have been controversies between the WHC and a country relating to the future development of the site (like a particular bridge in Germany). Other removals have been obvious because the criteria are no longer met (such as the extinction of a particular bird in Oman).
UNESCO’s sign is found on many World Heritage Sites. The one pictured here is from Bryggen, in Bergen, Norway.
With these cases in mind, one should note that the WHC operates a list of 52 properties in danger (2021). An inscription on the World Heritage List is generally regarded as an honorary tribute. It will also boost both commercial and preservation activities in or at the site.
Step one is to raise an awareness worldwide to the importance of preserving these sites for future generations. The next step is to do something about it, in other words to set up a conservation plan for the site. The final step is to live by it. These are very demanding tasks for all parties, and there are undoubtedly both economic and culture factors at play here.
Relative distribution of sites
When we look at the full site map, we immediately notice the prevalence of sites in Europe. Nonetheless, almost the entire world is covered. That is actually no little achievement for the world community.
The following illustrations follow the WHC categorisation of world regions and show the relative distribution of sites between them.
Latin America and the Caribbean
Asia and the Pacific
Europe and North America
Sites on a map
Drag and zoom on the map below to find sites visited by Sandalsand in more detail. Click on a marker to reveal the name and open the article about it. You will find the same links further down this page.
Sites in a table
Here are the same sites in a table. Show more rows at a time, sort the table as you like, or search for a specific term. Click on a link to open that particular post. The year indicates Sandalsand’s first visit to the site.
Sites in 61 countries
It could be that “heritage tourism” is spreading along with the eco-tourism trend. Sandalsand has only in later years become conscious of it.
It was never my idea to become a collector of heritage sites, but I have nonetheless been to a large number. In recent years I have become more intent to visit a “world heritage” when I travel in a country or region. I suppose that may be one of the purposes of such an official list in the first place.
In any case, I am not satisfied that I visited the pleasant town of Weimar in Germany without exploring the examples of Bauhaus architecture. Likewise, I went to the town of Pécs in Hungary without a look at the Early Christian Necropolis. (To my possible excuse: Neither of them was on the List at the time of my visit.)
Sandalsand’s list is a representative summary of UNESCO’s. It covers the world and the majority are in Europe. Also, it features sites in both (all) categories: 161 cultural, 12 natural, and 4 combined sites.
Read about each site in a separate article. It includes:
- The official and my personal descriptions of the site
- A link to the official UNESCO web page
- My photographs or video
- A link to the article(s) describing the context of my visit(s)
The articles offer short introductions to fabulous destinations around the world. Enjoy!
Here they are, all World Heritage Sites visited by Sandalsand. You will find the most recent first. In my view, they are all lovely destinations.
There are many strange rock formations around the world. These ones are astonishingly beautiful as well, situated on a rough coastline in Northern...
The island of Madeira in the Atlantic Ocean is green, humid and lovely. The forest is unique. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes more than a...
Norway is famous for its fjords, and there are many of them along the western coast. Two are more special than the others. The UNESCO World Heritage...
Located high in the mountain plateaus of central Norway this town boasts a very authentic atmosphere of the 17th to 19th centuries. The UNESCO World...
Come for a bath and a look at the great white terraces of Turkey. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes more than a thousand properties with...
This is a very nice town to walk around in, parts of which set you back a few hundred years in time. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes several...
A sinking city is left to rot. Seemingly. There is a constant fight against the forces of nature going on in this splendid city of northern Italy....
A valley designed hundreds of years ago to look good, and it still does. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes more than a thousand...
Incredibly crowded, not least during the yearly festivities in July, Siena is a must-see in Tuscany. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes more...
The "campanile" of Pisa is probably one of the world's most photographed structures. Reason? It is leaning. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes...
The Italian city of Firenze (Florence) played a very central part in the transition between the Middle Ages and the new times. The...
Home to the Pope and the world's largest church, the Vatican is a sovereign state and the centre of the Roman Catholic church. The UNESCO World...
It is not down in any map; true places never are. (Herman Melville)