Norway may not be the most important, biggest, or powerful country in the world. A Norwegian prime minister once stated that “Norway is a country in the world”. What he meant to say was “a small country”. Yet, it is one of the most important small countries of the world. Among us Norwegians, this is a well-established matter of fact.
IF YOU READ NORWEGIAN, check out 800 articles and 15,000 images from Norway on Sandalsand Norge.
Posts from Norway
The 18 Norwegian national scenic routes spread out from north to south, and invite us into a magnificent scenery with rich cultural experiences...
Go visit the Rock Art of Alta. More than 6,000 rock carvings and paintings have been discovered in the north of Norway. They date back 2,000-7,000...
Never heard of the Struve Geodetic Arc? Well, consider how big the Earth is and what shape it has. These were questions the Russian astronomer...
This is a video from Haldenvassdraget, or the Halden watercourse. It lies along the border with Sweden and consists of a number of lakes, rivers and...
Oslo offers a number of sights that will engage you for several days. Find 25 top attractions in Oslo that deserve your attention. The sights are...
This is part of a series about exciting accommodations in Norway. We have come to five very good alternatives in Western Norway, in Valdres and in...
We continue our search for exciting accommodation, this time with six excellent options. This is the fourth article in the series. In the first...
We search for exciting accommodation throughout the country, and continue this miniseries with seven excellent options. This is the third article in...
Join us crossing Norway in search of exciting accommodation. You will now get to know eight small and large hotels or guesthouses, all of which...
We find much exciting accommodation around the country. Some have an atmosphere of historical character and a high degree of hospitality and...
The Ofoten line is one of Europe's most awesome railway lines. It crosses Norway in less than 43 km, going from the fjord up into the mountains. The...
This is a video from Ofotbanen. The Ofoten Line (Ofotbanen) is a 43 km long railway from the port of Narvik to the Swedish border. It continues into...
A fact sheet
This is Wikipedia’s introduction. Find Sandalsand’s articles from Norway above.
- Official name: Kingdom of Norway
- Capital and largest city: Oslo
- Official languages: Norwegian; Sami
- Official minority languages: Kven, Romani, Romanes
- Writing system: Latin
- Ethnic groups: Norwegian
- Religion: Lutheran
Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and had a population of 5,385,300 in November 2020. The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden at a length of 1,619 km. It is bordered by Finland and Russia to the northeast and the Skagerrak strait to the south, on the other side of which are Denmark and the United Kingdom. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.
Norway is a constitutional monarchy, and divides state power between the Parliament, the cabinet and the Supreme Court. The kingdom was established in 872 as a merger of many petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1,150 years. King Harald V is the current King of Norway.
Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities. The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the European Union and the United States. Norway is also a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO, and the OECD; and a part of the Schengen Area. In addition, the Norwegian languages share mutual intelligibility with Danish and Swedish.
Life in Norway
Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, and its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals. The Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, and fresh water. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
The country has the fourth-highest per-capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists. On the CIA’s GDP (PPP) per capita list which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven. It has the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of US$1 trillion. Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position also held previously between 2001 and 2006; it also has the highest inequality-adjusted ranking per 2018. Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017 and currently ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, the Freedom Index, and the Democracy Index. Norway also has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.
Norway has always had a small population. That might be one reason why Norwegians have a drive to travel abroad. The World champion of chess, Magnus Carlsen is one of them:
I got the travel bug when I was quite young. My parents took me and my sisters out of school and we travelled all over Europe. It was an eye-opening experience and, although I love Norway, I also enjoy visiting new countries. I don’t get homesick. (Magnus Carlsen)